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Aitziber Goñi-Artola
Universidad de A Coruña
España
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9109-2315
María Ángeles González
Universidad de A Coruña
España
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9820-3268
Alfredo Campos
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela
España
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4191-4648
Biografía
Vol. 7 Núm. 1 (2020), Artículos, Páginas 37-47
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17979/reipe.2020.7.1.6248
Recibido: abr 4, 2020 Aceptado: may 12, 2020 Publicado: jul 1, 2020
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Resumen

La mnemotecnia de la palaba clave se utiliza para el aprendizaje de una lengua extranjera. Se ha comprobado su eficacia en muchas lenguas en todo el mundo. Este estudio tenía como objetivo analizar la eficacia de la mnemotecnia de la palabra clave en el aprendizaje del idioma euskera, utilizando listas largas de palabras, altas y bajas en imagen. Se ha utilizado un grupo de 424 estudiantes (226 mujeres y 198 hombres) de la Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria para que aprendiesen la traducción española de una lista de 28 palabras del euskera (14 altas en imagen y 14 bajas en imagen). Fueron administrados el Gordon Test of Visual Imagery Control y el Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire. Se ha comprobado que la mnemotecnia de la palabra clave, cuando la palabra clave es elegida por los compañeros de los participantes, tuvo un mayor recuerdo de la traducción de palabras del euskera al español, que el grupo que utilizó el método de repetición y los grupos que utilizaron otros métodos de selección de la palabra clave. Se discuten los resultados y se proponen nuevas líneas de investigación.

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