Contenido principal del artículo

Iván Padrón
Universidad de La Laguna
España
María Josefa Rodrigo
Universidad de La Laguna
España
Manuel de-Vega
España
Biografía
Vol. 2 Núm. 2 (2015), Artículos, páginas 69-79
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17979/reipe.2015.2.2.1328
Enviado: sep 10, 2015 Aceptado: oct 28, 2015 Publicado: oct 28, 2015
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Resumen

Este estudio examina en qué medida los resultados de los cuestionarios de autoinforme sobre búsqueda de sensaciones, empatía y resistencia a los iguales, y la ejecución en una tarea de ordenador que mide el comportamiento de toma de riesgos (BART) son buenos predictores del proceso de toma de decisiones de riesgo en la tarea de Toma de Decisiones en Contextos Sociales (TDCS). Una muestra de 256 participantes distribuidos de forma equitativa por sexo y edad: adolescencia temprana, media y tardía y jóvenes adultos. Los adolescentes tempranos muestran puntuaciones más bajas en búsqueda de sensaciones y empatía que los adolescentes tardíos y los jóvenes adultos. Los hombres tienen puntuaciones más altas en búsqueda de sensaciones mientras que las mujeres puntúan más alto en empatía y resistencia a la influencia de los iguales. Los modelos de regresión muestran que el grado de riesgo en el BART está positivamente relacionado con el porcentaje de elecciones de riesgo y un tiempo de decisión más corto en la tarea TDCS, más allá de lo que explica la edad, el sexo y la desinhibición. Estos resultados contribuyen a una evaluación más comprehensiva y multi-método del proceso de toma de decisiones de riesgo en situaciones sociales.

Detalles del artículo

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