Contenido principal del artículo

María del Carmen Azpelicueta Criado
Universitat de les Illes Balears
España
José Ramón Cardona
Universitat de les Illes Balears
España
Antoni Serra Cantallops
Universitat de les Illes Balears
España
Vol. 1 Núm. 013 (2014), Artículos (sección abierta), Páginas 63-92
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17979/redma.2014.01.013.4876
Recibido: dic 4, 2018 Aceptado: dic 4, 2018
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Resumen

El turismo depende de las actitudes de los residentes, siendo fundamental el apoyo al desarrollo del sector. Los impactos del turismo son tradicionalmente de tres grupos: económicos, socioculturales y medioambientales. Este trabajo se centra en conocer la percepción que poseen los residentes en relación a diversos impactos culturales y a los cambios que puede haber generado el desarrollo turístico. La cultura puede definirse como las costumbres, y formas de pensar vinculadas a ellas, que caracterizan un grupo de personas o comunidad. En este caso la región estudiada es Ibiza, mediante un estudio descriptivo acompañado de un análisis longitudinal y una comparación con otros destinos (Mallorca y Menorca). Los resultados muestran que los residentes valoran positivamente los cambios culturales acaecidos. El turismo ha ayudado a la conservación de determinados elementos (patrimonio arquitectónico, histórico y cultural) pero no otros (actividades tradicionales como la agricultura, la ganadería y la artesanía), y ha permitido un intercambio cultural positivo entre residentes y turistas. Entre las posibles acciones correctoras hay que facilitar los intercambios culturales y la difusión de la cultura local, evitando la creación de una “pseudocultura”.

Detalles del artículo

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