Necesidades de intervención psicológica: validación de una encuesta con estudiantes universitarios portugueses || Psychological intervention needs: validation of a survey with Portuguese university students

Joana Pinto, Marco Martins

Resumen


Este trabajo presenta y analiza las características psicométricas de la versión en portugués de la Encuesta de Necesidades Estudiantiles (SSN), un cuestionario de autoinforme que evalúa las necesidades de intervención psicológica. Un total de 659 estudiantes universitarios participaron, 76.5% mujeres, con una edad media de 21.96 años. Los resultados de Análisis Factorial Exploratorio (AFE) informan una solución factorial de tres factores que explican el 38.49% de la varianza. Teniendo en cuenta la consistencia interna de esta estructura factorial, encontramos los valores alfa de Cronbach de .88 en el factor 1, .81 en el factor 2 y .84 en el factor 3. Los resultados del Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio (CFA) sugieren que la solución factorial propuesta Por la EFA presenta mejores índices de ajuste a los datos empíricos en comparación con tres modelos alternativos (X2 / df = 3.096, CFI = .842, GFI = .851, RMSEA = .056, p [rmsea ≤ .05]  < .000). En conclusión, este estudio indica que el SSN es un instrumento válido y confiable aplicable a los contextos de investigación e intervención en este campo.


Palabras clave


necesidades psicológicas; evaluación de las necesidades; educación universitaria; psicometría

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17979/reipe.2017.4.2.2922

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Esta revista es continuación de: Revista Galego-Portuguesa de Psicoloxía e Educación (1997-2013) - ISSN: 1138-1663.