Test de pensamiento crítico para estudiantes de enseñanza básica y secundaria || Critical thinking test for elementary and secondary students

Resumen

A importância que o pensamento crítico tem na educação é apoiada por inúmeros trabalhos de investigação desde há décadas. Não existindo um teste de avaliação do pensamento crítico pensado e construído de raíz para ser utilizado em Portugal, o foco deste artigo é a apresentação de um teste de pensamento crítico (TPC) para adolescentes portugueses. Apresentamos o estudo exploratório de validação deste instrumento, administrado a 128 estudantes de ambos os sexos, com idades entre os 12 e os 19 anos, a frequentar escolas dos ensinos básico e secundário de estatuto socioeconómico baixo e alto. Estimou-se a validade de construto do instrumento constituído por nove itens mediante uma Análise Fatorial Exploratória (AFE), para avaliar a multidimensionalidade do TPC, verificando-se a existência de três fatores: Criação, argumentação e explicação, explicando 70.07% da variância total. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre os anos de escolaridade e entre as escolas. Os resultados sugerem que o desenvolvimento de competências de pensamento crítico tem relação com o ano de escolaridade e o estatuto socioeconómico dos estudantes.

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Publicado
2018-12-01
Cómo citar
Lopes, J., Silva, H., & Morais, E. (2018). Test de pensamiento crítico para estudiantes de enseñanza básica y secundaria || Critical thinking test for elementary and secondary students. Revista De Estudios E Investigación En Psicología Y Educación, 5(2), 82-91. https://doi.org/10.17979/reipe.2018.5.2.3339
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