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Tayfun Şirin
Universty, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey
Turquía
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6305-0097
Vol. 7 Núm. 3 (2021), Artículos Originales, páginas 405-424
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17979/sportis.2021.7.3.8579
Enviado: jun 20, 2021 Aceptado: ago 6, 2021 Publicado: ago 6, 2021
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Resumen

 El objetivo de este estudio es investigar los efectos del entrenamiento pliométrico con peso adicional sobre el rendimiento físico y los hallazgos de daño muscular  facultad de ciencias del deporte deportistas estudiantes. Se recogieron pruebas de rendimiento físico y muestras de sangre de los estudiantes-deportistas (hombres 23,41 ± 3,2 años) tanto de los grupos de muestra como de control en la primera semana del estudio y en el último entrenamiento de la duodécima semana.  Durante el estudio, se aplicaron programas de entrenamiento pliométrico al grupo de peso adicional (AWG) y  grupo sin peso adicional (AG).  Al final de la primera y duodécima semana, se aplicaron las pruebas de IMC y porcentaje de grasa corporal de los jugadores junto con las pruebas físicas de lanzadera, yoyo, salto vertical, salto horizontal, agilidad y pruebas de rendimiento de velocidad. También se tomaron muestras de sangre para verificar los marcadores de control de daño muscular (CK y LDH). De acuerdo con los resultados de las pruebas realizadas al final de los entrenamientos pliométricos de la primera y la duodécima semana en el grupo con grupo de peso adicional (AWG), prueba de lanzadera, el yoyo y el salto horizontal aumentaron significativamente, mientras que el rendimiento en esprint, el IMC y el las pruebas de rendimiento de grasas se redujeron significativamente. Los resultados de la prueba del grupo sin peso adicional (AG) fue; aumento significativo pruebas físicas de lanzadera yoyo y salto vertical mientras que una disminución significativa en el rendimiento del sprint y el porcentaje de grasa Al final de los entrenamientos pliométricos de doce semanas, no se ha observado daño muscular en (AWG), CK pre entrenamiento (229,00 ± 155,25) y valores posteriores al entrenamiento (242,33 ± 193,67)  y valores de LDH pre-entrenamiento (169,75 ± 40,85) y post-entrenamiento (174,33 ± 39,12).  Como resultado del estudio, el entrenamiento pliométrico de 12 semanas con peso adicional aplicado a jugadores atletas-estudiantes de fútbol no solo aumentó su rendimiento físico, sino que tampoco se observó daño muscular (CK y LDH).


 

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