Contenido principal del artículo

Regina Alves
Universidade do Minho
Portugal
José Alberto Gomes Precioso
CIEC - Research Centre on Child Studies, Institute of Education – University of Minho, Braga, Portugal
Portugal
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7889-8290
Elisardo Becoña Iglesias
Departamento de Psicoloxía Clínica e Psicobioloxía, University Santiago de Compostela
España
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6639-3834
Vol. 7 Núm. 1 (2021), Artículos Originales, Páginas 25-42
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17979/sportis.2021.7.1.6924
Recibido: ago 26, 2020 Aceptado: oct 13, 2020 Publicado: ene 1, 2021
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Resumen

Los estudiantes universitarios, independientemente del país, tienen una prevalencia muy alta de inactividad física y los hábitos de salud adquiridos durante este período tienden a permanecer a lo largo de la vida, incluidos los relacionados con el ejercicio físico. El propósito de este estudio fue analizar la relación entre el conocimiento sobre las recomendaciones sobre la práctica de AF, las barreras percibidas hacia AF y la práctica de AF por estudiantes de educación superior. Este estudio transversal utilizó un cuestionario auto informado con una muestra estratificada de estudiantes universitarios (n = 840) de una universidad de Portugal. Se calculó un modelo de regresión logística ordinal para determinar las variables predictivas para la práctica de AF. Los resultados mostraron que el 35,7% de los estudiantes encuestados eran sedentarios, el nivel de conocimiento sobre AF era bajo, respondiendo correctamente 2,79 (DE = .090) preguntas en un total de 6, y la falta de tiempo era la barrera percibida más evidente. El modelo construido predijo que tener más barreras a la AF (β = -.750, p = .000) y ser mujer disminuyó la probabilidad de practicar AF (β = .578, p = .000). El aumento de los niveles de AF de los estudiantes es una necesidad social y las instituciones deben asumir un papel clave en la promoción de la salud del alumnado, mediante la implementación de acciones para reducir la inactividad de sus estudiantes, desarrollando la transmisión de información sobre los beneficios para la salud. relacionados con la práctica de la AF.

Detalles del artículo

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