Contenido principal del artículo

Sercin Kosova
no
Turquía
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1005-3387
Hikmet Gümüş
Dokuz Eylül University
Turquía
Merve Koca Kosova
Dokuz Eylul University
Turquía
Mehmet İsmet Tok
Girne American University
Chipre
Vol. 6 Núm. 3 (2020), Artículos Originales, Páginas 517-532
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17979/sportis.2020.6.3.6045
Recibido: mar 5, 2020 Aceptado: ago 26, 2020 Publicado: sep 1, 2020
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Resumen

El propósito de este estudio es determinar el efecto de un ejercicio de vibración local aguda en el tiempo de reacción visual de las extremidades superiores de un esgrimidor. Veintiséis esgrimidores masculinos entre las edades de 15 y 23 (edad media, 17.38 ± 2.13 años, altura: 173.6 ± 9.1 cm, masa corporal: 70.2 ± 14.1 kg) se ofrecieron como voluntarios para este estudio. La prueba del tiempo de reacción se aplicó antes y después del ejercicio de vibración (aplicado durante 30 segundos en 27 Hz con una amplitud de 2 mm). Después de 25 min. calentamiento estándar, se informó a los esgrimidores sobre la prueba y se realizaron tres pruebas de reacción repetidas para proporcionar familiarización. Los esgrimidores comenzaron la prueba de reacción en la posición estándar de protección de esgrima. De acuerdo con cinco señales que vienen a intervalos de dos a cinco segundos desde el monitor objetivo, los esgrimistas hicieron un toque al doblarse (atacar). La prueba del tiempo de reacción tuvo cinco ensayos. Se compararon los valores promedio de tiempo de reacción pre-vibración y post-vibración. El tiempo de reacción visual medido antes de la vibración fue significativamente mayor que el medido después de la vibración (p <0.001). El ejercicio de vibración local aguda aplicado a los esgrimidores acortó el tiempo de reacción visual. Dado que la vibración puede mejorar la RT, el uso de la vibración en el entrenamiento tiene el potencial de proporcionar una ventaja a los esgrimidores.

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