Efectos de un programa de Psicomotricidad Educativa en niños en edad preescolar

Mariana Silva Moreira, Gabriela Neves Almeida, Susana Moreira Marinho

Resumen


Con esta investigación se pretendió evaluar los efectos de Psicomotricidad Educativa sobre la competencia física percibida y la percepción de competencia de la relación con compañeros en los niños de preescolar. Se pretendió también analizar a través de la percepción de educador la pertinencia de incluir la Psicomotricidad Educativa en el currículo preescolar. La muestra (N=9) estuvo compuesta por 4 varones y 5 hembras, entre 48 y 72 meses de edad (M = 61,6; DE = 9,53), con el desarrollo neurológico normativa y que pertenece a la misma preescolar. Un programa de Psicomotricidad Educativa se llevó a cabo durante 2 meses, con una sesión por semana aplicada al grupo de niños al mismo tiempo. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y la estadística no paramétrica, utilizando la prueba estadística Wilcoxon. Los resultados de la comparación de los datos en la evaluación antes y después de la intervención mostraron un aumento significativo de la competencia física percibida y un aumento no significativo en la percepción de competencia de la relación con sus compañeros. El educador se dio cuenta de las diferencias positivas significativas en los niños en el desarrollo motor e en motivación para aprender en las tareas del aula.  El educador también defendió la inclusión de la Psicomotricidad Educativa en plan de estudios preescolar. En conclusión, esta investigación proporciona resultados interesantes que contribuyen a aumentar la comprensión sobre la relevancia de la Psicomotricidad Educativa en el desarrollo psicosocial y académico del niño preescolar, y advierte de una mayor investigación en esta área.


Palabras clave


Psicomotricidad; competencia percibida; niño; aprendizaje; preescolar

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17979/sportis.2016.2.3.1563

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Sportis. Revista Técnico-Científica del Deporte Escolar, Educación Física y Psicomotricidad

Sportis. Scientific Technical Journal of School Sport, Physical Education and Psychomotricity

ISSN 2386-8333