Main Article Content

Carlos Arce-Chamorro
Instituto Universitario de Xeoloxía, Universidade da Coruña. ESCI, Campus de Elviña. 15071. A Coruña. Spain.
Juan Ramón Vidal-Romaní
Instituto Universitario de Xeoloxía, Universidade da Coruña. ESCI, Campus de Elviña. 15071. A Coruña. Spain.
Vol. 43 (2021), Articles, pages 61-88
Submitted: Oct 19, 2021 Accepted: Nov 18, 2021 Published: Dec 31, 2021
How to Cite


This work establishes the age of an outcrop of fluvial deposits located at the current mouth of the Ulla River in the Ría de Arousa (Galicia, NW Spain), at +40 m and +30 m above present sea level. The deposits are formed by braided siliciclastic materials. Although they have been known for a long time their age had never been determined, being considered successively from Upper-Tertiary to Quaternary and even Holocene undifferentiated material. Using the optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) technique, a burial age has been calculated for the quartz grains included in the sediment of 180 ky for the lower level and between 70 ky and 60 ky for the upper levels. The chronology established here is consistent with that obtained for other fluvial deposits studied on the Galician and northern Portuguese coast.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details


Andersen, K.K., Azuma, N., Barnola, J.M. Bigler, M., Biscaye, P., Caillon, N., Chappellaz, J., Clausen, H.B., Dahl-Jensen, D., Fischer, H., Flückiger, J., Fritzsche, D., Fujii, Y., Goto-Azuma, K., Grønvold, K., Gundestrup, N.S., Hansson, M., Huber, C., Hvidberg, C.S., Johnsen, S.J., Jonsell, U., Jouzel, J., Kipfstuhl, S., Landais, A., Leuenberger, M., Lorrain, R., Masson-Delmotte, V., Miller, H., Motoyama, H., Narita, H., Popp, T., Rasmussen, S.O., Raynaud, D., Rothlisberger, R., Ruth, U., Samyn, D., Schwander, J., Shoji, H., Siggard-Andersen, M.L., Steffensen, J.P., Stocker, T., Sveinbjörnsdóttir, E., Svensson, A., Watanabe, O., Wilhelms, F., White, J.W.C., 2004. High-resolution record of Northern Hemisphere climate extending into the last interglacial period. Nature 431, 147–151.

Anechitei-Deacu, V., Timar-Gabor, A., Thomsen, K.J., Buylaert, J.P., Jain, M., Bailey, M., Murray, A.S., 2018. Single and multi-grain OSL investigations in the high dose range using coarse quartz. Radiation Measurements 120, 124–130.

Aitken, M.J., 1998. An Introduction to Optical Dating. Oxford University Press. 267pp.

Arce-Chamorro, C., 2017. Datación por luminiscencia de depósitos fluviales y eólicos en el margen occidental de Galicia. Tesis Doctoral. Universidade da Coruña. 399pp.

Arce-Chamorro, C., Sanjurjo-Sánchez, J., 2020. Sediment beta-microdose variability as main cause of dispersion in OSL-quartz dating of Upper-Pleistocene coastal fluvial-deposits preserved at Mero-River Basin (A Coruña, Galicia, Spain). Cadernos do Laboratorio Xeolóxico de Laxe 42, 169–142.

Arce-Chamorro, C., Vidal-Romaní, J.R., Sanjurjo-Sánchez, J., 2021a. Islas Cíes: una trampa eólica en la Ría de Vigo (NO de la Península Ibérica) al final del último glacial. Estudio del afloramiento de eolianitas de la Isla de Monteagudo (Cíes, Pontevedra, Galicia). Geogaceta 70, 7–11 (en impresión).

Arce-Chamorro, C., Vidal-Romaní, J.R., Sanjurjo-Sánchez, J., 2021b. Collapse of the coastal ecosystems in the North-Atlantic coast of Spain from the end of the last glacial period according to the sedimentary-record of the Cies Islands and the Ria of Vigo. International Journal of Earth Sciences (en revisión).

Arenas, R., Díaz-García, F., Martínez-Catalán, J.R., Abati, J., González-Cuadra, P., Andonaegui, P., González del Tánago, J., Rubio-Pascual, F., Castiñeiras, P., Gómez-Barreiro, J., 2000. Structure and evolution of the Ordenes Complex. Basement Tectonics 15, Pre-Conference Field Trip. A Coruña, Spain.

Arnold, L.J., Roberts, R.G., 2009. Stochastic modelling of multi-grain equivalent dose (De) distributions: implications for OSL dating of sediment mixtures. Quaternary Geochronology 4, 204–230.

Arps, X.E.S., Buiskool, J.M.A., van Calsteren, P.W.C., Floor, P., Hilgen, J.D., Koning, H., Kuyper, R.P., Minnigh, L.D., 1978. Geological Map or Western Galicia (1:100.000) Finisterre-Santiago. State University of Leiden. Netherlands.

Bailey, L.M., Arnold, L.J., 2006. Statistical modelling of single grain quartz De distributions and an assessment of procedures for estimating burial dose. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 2475–2502.

Ballarini, M., Wallinga, J., Wintle, A.G., Bos, A.J., 2007. A modified SAR protocol for optical dating of individual grains from young quartz samples. Radiation Measurements 42, 360–369.

Banerjee, D., Botter-Jensen, L., Murray, A.S., 2000. Retrospective dosimetry: estimation of the dose to quartz using the single-aliquot regenerative-dose protocol. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 52, 831–844.

Bao-Casal, R., 1991. Las tanatocenosis de diatomeas (Bacillariophyta) en sedimentos superficiales de las rías y plataforma continental de Galicia, (NW de a Península Ibérica), y su relación con las características oceanográficas de la columna de agua; implicaciones paleoceanográficas. Tesis Doctoral. Universidade da Coruña. 181pp.

Bickel, L., Lüthgens, C., Lomax, H., Fiebig, M., 2014. Luminescence dating of glaciofluvial deposits linked to the penultimate glaciation in the Eastern Alps. Quaternary International 357, 110–124.

Blum, M.D., Törnqvist, T.E., 2000. Fluvial responses to climate and sea-level change: a review and look forward. Sedimentology 47, 2–48., N.S., Hansson, M., Huber, C., Hvidberg, C.S., Johnsen, S.J., Jonsell, U., Jouzel, J., Kipfstuhl, S., Landais, A., Leuenberger, M., Lorrain, R., Masson-Delmotte, V., Miller, H., Motoyama, H., Narita, H., Popp, T., Rasmussen, S.O., Raynaud, D., Rothlisberger, R., Ruth, U., Samyn, D., Schwander, J., Shoji, H., Siggard-Andersen, M.L., Steffensen, J.P., Stocker, T., Sveinbjörnsdóttir, E., Svensson, A., Watanabe, O., Wilhelms, F., White, J.W.C., 2004. High-resolution record of Northern Hemisphere climate extending into the last interglacial period. Nature 431, 147–151.

Bøtter-Jensen, L., Thomsen, K.J., Jain, M., 2010. Review of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) instrumental developments for retrospective dosimetry. Radiation Measurements 45, 253–257.

Boyle, R.W., 1982. Geochemical prospecting for thorium and uranium deposits. Elsevier, New York, 489pp.

Brennan, B.J., 2003. Beta doses to spherical grains. Radiation Measurements 37, 299–303.

Bridgland, D., Westaway, R., 2012. The use of fluvial archives in reconstructing landscape evolution: The value of sedimentary and morphostratigraphical evidence. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences - Geologie En Mijnbouw 91, 5-24.

Cartelle, V., 2018. Stratigraphy, depositional environments, shallow gas and seismic-sequential analysis of the sedimentary record of the rias of Arousa and Ferrol. Tesis doctoral. Universidade de Vigo.

Cohen, K.M., Finney, S.C., Gibbard, P.L., Fan, J.X., 2013 (updated 2020). The ICS International Chronostratigraphic Chart. Episodes 36, 199–204.

Costas, S., Muñoz-Sobrino, C., Alejo, I., Pérez-Alurcea, M., 2009. Holocene evolution of a rock-bounded barrier-lagoon system, Cies Islands, northwest Iberia. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 34, 1575–1586.

CSN, 2000. Proyecto Marna. Mapa de radiación gamma natural. Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear. Madrid.

Cunningham, A.C., Wallinga, J., 2010. Selection of integration time intervals for quartz OSL decay curves. Quaternary Geochronology 5, 657–666.

De Vicente, G., Vegas, R., 2009. Large-scale distributed deformation-controlled topography along the western Africa –Eurasia limit: Tectonic constrains. Tectonophysics 474, 124–143.

Duller, G.A.T., 2008. Single-grain optical dating of Quaternary sediments: why aliquot size matters in luminescence dating. Boreas 37, 589–612.

Duller, G.A.T., 2012. Improving the accuracy and precision of equivalent doses determined using the optically stimulated luminescence signal from single grains of quartz. Radiation Measurements 47, 770–777.

EDMOnet, 2018.

Escuer-Sole, J., Vidal-Romaní, J.R., 1987. Facies y modelo local de los depósitos aluviales de la cuenca del río Mero y península de Sada (A Coruña, Galicia, NW Spain). Cadernos do Laboratorio Xeolóxico de Laxe 11, 69–83.

Feathers, J.K., Pagonis, V., 2015. Dating quartz near saturation – Simulations and application at archaeological sites in South Africa and South Carolina. Quaternary Geochronology 30, 416–421.

Fick, S.E., Hijmans, R.J., 2017. WorldClim 2: new 1-km spatial resolution climate surfaces for global land areas. International Journal of Climatology 37, 4302–4315.

Fletcher, W.J., Sánchez-Goñi, M.F., Allen, J.R.M., Cheddadi, R., Comborieu-Bebout, N., Huntley, B., Lawson, I., Londeix, L., Magri, D., Margari, V., Müller, U.C., Naughton, F., Novenko, E., Roucoux, K., Tzedakis, P.C., 2010. Millennial-scale variability during the last glacial in vegetation records from Europe, Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 2839–2864.

Galán-Arias, J., Fernández-Rodríguez Arango, R., 1981. Hoja 120: Padrón. Mapa Geológico de España 1:50.000. Servicio de Publicaciones del Ministerio de Industria y Energía. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España (IGME). Madrid.

Galbraith, R.F., Roberts, R.G., Laslett, G.M., Yoshida, H., Olley, J.M., 1999. Optical dating of single and multiple grains of quartz from Jinmium rock shelter, northern Australia: Part I, experimental design and statistical models. Archaeometry 41, 339–364.

Galbraith, R.F., 2002. A note on the variance of a background corrected OSL count. Ancient TL 20, 49–51.

Galbraith, R.F., Roberts, R.G., 2012. Statistical aspects of equivalent dose and error calculation and display in OSL dating: An overview and some recommendations. Quaternary Geochronology 11, 1–27.

García-Gil, S., 2003. A natural laboratory for shallow gas: The Rías Baixas (NW Spain). Geo-Marine Letters 23, 215–229.

García-Moreiras, I., Delgado, C., Martínez-Carreño, N., García-Gil, S., Muñoz-Sobrino, C., 2019a. Climate and vegetation changes in coastal ecosystems during the Middle Pleniglacial and the early Holocene: Two multi-proxy, high-resolution records from Ría de Vigo (NW Iberia). Global Planetary Change 176, 100–122.

García-Moreiras, I., Delgado, C., García-Gil, S., Muñoz-Sobrino, C., 2019b. First high-resolution multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental record of the Late Glacial to Early Holocene transition in the Ría de Arousa (Atlantic margin of NW Iberia). Quaternary Science Reviews 215, 308–321.

Gascoyne, M., 1992. Geochemistry of the actinides and their daughters. In: Ivanovich, M., Harmon, R.S. (eds.) Uranium-series disequilibrium: applications to Earth, marine, and environmental sciences. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp. 34-61.

González-Lodeiro, F., Hernández-Urroz, J., Klein, E., Martínez-Catalán, J.R., de Pablo-Macía, J.G., 1982. Lugo (8). Mapa Geológico de España, E. 1:200.000. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España (IGME).

Guérin, G., Mercier, N., Adamiec, G., 2011. Dose rate conversion factors: update. Ancient TL 29, 5–8.

Guérin, G., Mercier, N., 2012. Preliminary insight into dose deposition processes in sedimentary media on a scale of single grains: Monte Carlo modelling of the effect of water on the gamma dose rate. Radiation Measurements 47, 541–547.

Guérin, G., Christophe, C., Philippe, A., Murray, A.S., Thomsen, K.J., Tribolo, C., Urbanova, P., Jain, M., Guibert, P., Mercier, N., Kreutzer, S., Lahaye, C., 2017. Absorbed dose, equivalent dose, measured dose rates, and implications for OSL age estimates: Introducing the Average Dose Model. Quaternary Geochronology 41, 163–173,

Gutiérrez-Alonso, G., Fernández-Suárez, J., Jeffries, T.E., Johnston, S.T., Pastor-Galán, D., Murphy, J.B.M., Piedad-Franco, P., Gonzalo, J.C., 2011. Diachronous post-orogenic magmatism within a developing orocline in Iberia, European Variscides. Tectonics, 30, TC5008.

Gutiérrez-Becker, L., 2008. Caracterización de los sistemas dunares costeros del NW ibérico y su evolución durante el Cuaternario. Tesis doctoral. Universidad de Coruña. 283pp.

Hardt, J., Lüthgens, C., Hebenstreit, R., Böse, M., 2016. Geochronological (OSL) and geomorphological investigations at the presumed Frankfurt ice marginal position in northeast Germany. Quaternary Science Reviews 154, 85–99.

Hinz, K., Pannekoek, A.J., 1970. Seismic reflection measurements with a pneumatic sound source in the ria the Arosa (NW Spain). Leidse Geologische Mededelingen 37, 169–184.

Jacobs, Z., Wintle, A.G., Duller, G.A.T., 2003. Optical dating of dune sand from Blombos Cave, South Africa: I—multiple grain data. Journal of Human Evolution 44, 599–612

Jacobs, Z., 2008. Luminescence chronologies for coastal and marine sediments. Boreas 37, 508–535.

Jain, M., Murray, A.S., Bøtter-Jensen, L., 2003. Characterisation of blue-light stimulated luminescence components in different Quartz samples: implications for dose measurement. Radiation Measurements 37, 441–449. DOI: 10.1016/S1350-4487(03)00052-0

Klein, E., 1982. Hoja 121: La Estrada. Mapa Geológico de España 1:50.000. Servicio de Publicaciones del Ministerio de Industria y Energía. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España (IGME). Madrid.

Lisiecki, L.E., Raymo, M.E., 2005. A Pliocene-Pleistocene stack of 57 globally distributed benthic d18O records. Paleoceanography 20, PA1003.

Macías-Vázquez, F. y García-Paz, C., 1977. Formaciones sedimentarias de las Mariñas. Estudio Mineralógico. Boletín de la Sociedad Galega de Historia Natural 1, 145–166. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. España.

Martínez-Carreño, M., García-Gil, S., 2017. Reinterpretation of the Quaternary sedimentary infill of the Ría de Vigo, NW Iberian Peninsula, as a compound incised valley. Quaternary Science Reviews 173, 124–144.

Medialdea, A., Thomsen, K.J., Murray, A., Benito, G., 2014. Reliability of equivalent-dose determination and age-models in the OSL dating of historical and modern palaeoflood sediments. Quaternary Geochronology 22, 11–24.

IGN, 2021. Instituto Geográfico Nacional. Ministerio de Transporte, Movilidad y Agenda Urbana. Gobierno de España.

Mohamed, K.J., Rey, D., Rubio, B., Vilas, F., Frederichs, Th., 2010. Interplay between detrital and diagenetic processes since the last glacial maximum on the northwest Iberian continental shelf. Quaternary Research 73, 507–520.

Mosquera-Santé, M.J., 2000. Evolución post-glaciar del nivel del mar en el NO de la Península Ibérica: El caso del golfo Ártabro. Tesis doctoral. Universidad de A Coruña. 155pp.

Muñoz-Salinas, E., Castillo, M., Caballero, L., Lacan, P., 2017. Understanding landscape dynamics of the Sierra Juarez, southern Mexico: An exploratory approach using inherited luminescence signals. Journal of South American Earth Sciences 76, 208–217.

Murray, A.S., Wintle, A.G., 2000. Luminescence dating of quartz using an improved single- aliquot regenerative-dose protocol. Radiation Measurements 32, 57–73.

Murray, A.S., Olley, J.M., 2002. Precision and accuracy in the optically stimulated luminescence dating of sedimentary quartz: a status review. Geochronometria 21, 1–16.

NASA, 2000. SRTM90m Digital Elevation Data from the CGIAR-CSI Consortium for Spatial Information. University of Maryland, College Park. Maryland.

Nathan, R., Thomas, P.J., Murray, A.S., Rhodes, E.J., 2003. Environmental dose rate heterogeneity of beta radiation and its implications for luminescence dating: Monte Carlo modelling and experimental validation. Radiation Measurements 37, 305–313.

Nonn, H., 1966. Les régiones cotières de la Galice (Espagne). Etude géomorpholigique. Publications de la Faculté des lettres de L´Université de Strasbourg. Foundation Baulig. Tomo III. 591pp.

Oczkowski, H.L, Przegietka, K.R, Lankauf, K.R, Smanda, J.B., 2000. Gamma spectrometry in thermoluminescence dating. Geochronometría 18, 57–62.

Pagés-Valcarlos, J.L., 2000. Origen y evolución geomorfológica de las rías gallegas. Revista de la Sociedad Geológica de España 13, 393–403.

Petit, J.R., Jouzel, J., Raynaud, D., Barkov, N.I., Barnola, J.-M., Basile, I., Bender, M., Chappellaz, J., Davis, M., Delaygue, G., Delmotte, M., Kotlyakov, V.M., Legrand, M., Lipenkov, V.Y., Lorius, C., Pepin, L., Ritz, C., Saltzman, E., Stievenard, M., 1999. Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica. Nature 399, 429–436.

Prescott, J.R., Hutton, J.T., 1994. Cosmic ray contribution to dose rates for luminescence and ESR dating: large depths and long-term time variations. Radiation Measurements 23, 497–500.

Preusser, F., Degering, D., Fuchs, M., Hilgers, A., Kadereit, N., Klasen N., Krbetschek, M., Richter, D, Spencer J.Q.G., 2008. Luminescence dating: basics, methods and applications. Quaternary Science Journal 57, 95–149.

Railsbak, L.B., Liang, F., Vidal-Romaní, J.R., Garret, K.B., Sellers, R.C., Vaqueiro-Rodríguez, M., Grandal-D´Anglade, A., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., 2017. Radiometric, isotopic, and petrographic evidence of changing interglacials over the past 550,000 years from six stalagmites from the Serra do Courel in the Cordillera Cantábrica of northwestern Spain. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 466, 137–152.

Rey-Salgado, J., 1993. Relación Morfosedimentaria entre la Plataforma Continental de Galicia y las Rías Bajas y su evolución durante el Cuaternario. Instituto Español de Oceanografía 17, 233pp. Madrid. ISBN 978-84-491-0006-2.

Ribeiro, H., Pinto De Jesus, A., Sanjurjo-Sánchez, J., Abreu, I., Vidal-Romaní, J.R., Noronha, F., 2019. Multidisciplinary study of the quaternary deposits of the Vila Nova de Gaia, NW Portugal, and its climate significance. Journal of Iberian Geology 45, 553–563.

Río-Barja, F.J., Rodríguez-Lestegás, F., 1992. Os Ríos Galegos. Morfoloxía e réxime. Consello da Cultura Galega. Santiago de Compostela. España. 303pp.

Rittenour, T.M., 2008. Luminescence dating of fluvial deposits: applications to geomorphic, palaeoseismic and archaeological research. Boreas 37, 613–635.

Sanjurjo-Sánchez, J., Vidal Romaní, J.R., 2011. Luminescence Dating of Pseudokarst Speleothems: A first approach. Spetroscopy Letters 44, 1–6.

Sanjurjo-Sánchez, J., Vidal Romaní, J.R., 2013. Problemas nuevos y procedimientos de datación por OSL para los sedimentos litorales del NO de la Península Ibérica. VII Jornadas de Geomorfología Litoral, Oviedo, España. Geotemas 14, 47–50.

Shackelton, N.J., Sánchez-Goñi, M.F., Pailler, D., Lancelot, Y., 2003. Marine Isotope Substage 5e and the Eemian Interglacial. Global and Planetary Change 36, 151–155.

SITGA (2020) Información Xeográfica de Galicia. Xunta de Galicia.

Thomsen, K.J., Murray, A.S., Bøtter-Jensen, L., Jungner, H., 2003. Variation with depth of dose distributions in single grains of quartz extracted from an irradiated concrete block. Radiation Measurements 37, 315–321.

Thomsen, K.J., Murray, A.S., Bøtter-Jensen, L., 2005. Sources of variability in OSL dose measuremnts using single grains of Quartz. Radiation measurements 39, 47–61.

Trauerstein, M., Lowick, S.E., Preusser, F., Schlunegger, F., 2014. Small aliquot and single grain IRSL and post-IR IRSL dating of fluvial and alluvial sediments from the Pativilca valley, Peru. Quaternary Geochronology 22, 163–174.

Trindade, M.J., Prudêncio, M.I., Sanjurjo-Sánchez, J., Vidal-Romaní, J.R., Ferraz, T., Fernández-Mosquera, D., Dias, M.I., 2013. Post-depositional processes of elemental enrichment inside dark nodular masses of an ancient aeolian dune from A Coruña, Northwest Spain. Geologica Acta 11, 231–244.

Truelsen, J.L., Wallinga, J., 2003. Zeroing of the OSL signal as function of grain size: investigating bleaching and thermal transfer for a young fluvial sample. Geochronometria 22, 1–8.

Vidal-Romaní, J.R., Fernández-Mosquera, D., Marti, K., De Brum-Ferreira, A., 1999. Nuevos datos para la cronología glaciar pleistocena en el NW de la Península Ibérica. Cadernos do Laboratorio Xeolóxico de Laxe 24, 7–29.

Vidal-Romaní, J.R., Sanjurjo-Sánchez, J., Grandal-d'Anglade, A., Vaqueiro-Rodríguez, M.A., Fernández-Mosquera, D., 2010. Geocaracterización de yacimientos arqueológicos en medio sedimentario: cronología absoluta y relativa. En: López Díaz, A.J., Ramil Rego, E., (Ed.) In Arqueoloxía: Ciencia e Restauración. Museo de Prehistoria e Arqueoloxía de Vilalba, Vilalba (Lugo). Monografías 4, 7–19.

Vidal-Romaní, J.R., Fernández-Mosquera, D., Marti, K., 2015. The glaciation of Serra de Queixa-Invernadoiro and Serra do Geres-Xurés, NW Iberia. A critical review and a cosmogenic nuclide (10-Be and 21-Ne) chronology. Cadernos do Laboratorio Xeolóxico de Laxe 38, 25-44.

Vidal-Romaní, J.R., Grandal-d´Anglade A., 2018. Nota sobre la última transgression marina en la costa de Galicia. Cadernos del Laboratorio Xeolóxico de Laxe 40, 229–246.

Viveen, W., Braucher, R., Bourlès, D., Schoorl, J.M., Veldkamp, A., van Balen, R.T., Wallinga, J., Fernández-Mosquera, D., Vidal-Romaní, J.R., Sanjurjo-Sánchez, J., 2012. A 0.65 Ma chronology and incision rate assessment of the NW Iberian Miño River terraces based on 10Be and luminescence dating. Global Planetary Change 94–95, 82–100.

Viveen, W., Schoorl, J.M., Veldkamp, A., van Balen, R.T., Vidal-Romaní, J.R., 2013. Fluvial terraces of the northwest Iberian lower Miño River. Journal of Maps 9, 513–522.

Waelbroeck, C., Labeyrie, L., Michel, E., Duplessy, J.C., McManus, J., Lambeck, K., Balbon, E., Labracherie, M., 2002. Sea-level and deep-water temperature changes derived from benthic foraminifera isotopic records. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 295–305.

Wallinga, J., Murray, A., Wintle A., 2000. The single-aliquot regenerative-dose (SAR) protocol applied to coarse-grain feldspar. Radiation Measurements 32, 529–533.

Wallinga, J., 2002. Optically stimulated luminescence dating of fluvial deposits: a review. Boreas 31, 303–322.

Wintle, A.G., Murray, A.S., 2006. A review of quartz optically stimulated luminescence characteristics and their relevance in single-aliquot regeneration dating protocols. Radiation Measurements 41, 369–391.