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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

Format. Please submit your paper in Microsoft Word format. The text should be double-spaced, with a 12-point font. Employ italics rather than underlining (except with URL addresses). Place all illustrations, figures, and tables within the text at the appropriate points rather than at the end. The use of footnotes and endnotes should be kept to a minimum. Please provide figures of high quality, legible and numbered consecutively. Graphics may be supplied in colour.

Article length. There is no absolute limit on length, but 7000 words, including footnotes and references, is a useful target.

Article title. Please provide an informative title. Use keywords, descriptive terms and phrases that accurately highlight the core content of the paper. A good title plays a key role in the communication of your research.

Research funding. Authors must declare all sources of external funding. A statement to this effect should appear in the Acknowledgements section.

Abstract. The abstract is an important part of publishing your research. It is meant to persuade both editors and reviewers about the importance of your contribution and to sell your work. Therefore, you should make an effort to make it well-written. An abstract of up to 150 words should precede the main text. The ideal abstract concisely summarizes: a) the purpose of the paper, b) design/methodology/approach, c) findings, and d) originality/value.

Keywords and JEL codes. Authors should provide up to five appropriate and short keywords and up to three JEL classification codes (JEL Classification Codes Guide)

References. Please employ the APA Referencing Style (sixth edition). Refer to the original Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association in case of doubt: https://apastyle.apa.org/. What follows is a quick (and incomplete) guide for referencing.

In-text citations

To cite information directly or indirectly, there are two ways to acknowledge citations: 1) make it a part of a sentence, or 2) put it in parentheses at the end of the sentence.

Direct quotation – use quotation marks around the quote and include page numbers

1) Cohen and Lotan (2014) argue that "many different kinds of abilities are essential for any profession" (p.151).

2) “Many different kinds of abilities are essential for any profession" (Cohen & Lotan, 2014, p.151).

Indirect quotation/paraphrasing/summarizing – no quotation marks

1) Professional knowledge alone does not make someone a very capable professional (Cohen & Lotan, 2014).

2) According to Cohen and Lotan (2014), professional knowledge alone does not make someone a very capable professional.

Citations from a secondary source

1) Gould’s (1981) research “raises fundamental doubts as to whether we can continue to think of intelligence as unidimensional” (as cited in Cohen & Lotan, 2014, pp. 151-152).

2) Intelligence cannot be believed to consist of one single entity any more (Gould, 1981, as cited in Cohen & Lotan, 2014).


Examples of referencing

Book (one author)

King, M. (2000). Wrestling with the angel: A life of Janet Frame. Auckland, New Zealand: Viking.

Book (up to five authors)

Krause, K.-L., Bochner, S., & Duchesne, S. (2006). Educational psychology for learning and teaching (2nd ed.). Melbourne, Australia: Thomson.

Book chapter in edited book

Kestly, T. (2010). Group sandplay in elementary schools. In A. A. Drewes, & C. E. Shaefer (Eds.), School-based play therapy (2nd ed., pp. 257-282). Hoboken, NJ: John Wileys & Sons.

Book or report by a corporate author

International Labour Organization. (2007). Equality at work: Tackling the challenges (International Labour Conference report). Geneva, Switzerland: Author.

Journal article (academic/scholarly)

Cancelo, J.R. (2012). Cyclical synchronization in the EMU along the financial crisis: An interpretation of the conflicting signals. European Journal of Government and Economics 1(1), 86-100.


New Zealand Trade and Enterprise. (date of publication or latest update). Agribusiness. Retrieved from https://www.nzte.govt.nz/en/export/market-research/agribusiness/

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