Efectividad de los soportes plantares cómo tratamiento en el síndrome femoropatelar: revisión sistemática

  • Álvaro Remón-Gallo Graduado en Podología por la Universidad de Manresa
  • Antonio Gómez-Bernal Departamento de Investigación Podoactiva. Parque Tecnológico Walqa. Ctra. N330a Km 566. 22197 Cuarte, Huesca. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4005-9835
  • Aitor Pérez-Morcillo Departamento de Investigación Podoactiva. Parque Tecnológico Walqa. Ctra. N330a Km 566. 22197 Cuarte, Huesca. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9729-6594
  • Javier Alfaro-Santafé Departamento de Investigación Podoactiva. Parque Tecnológico Walqa. Ctra. N330a Km 566. 22197 Cuarte, Huesca. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7651-8725
Palabras clave: rodilla, dolor, síndrome de dolor patelofemoral, soportes plantares a medida, soportes plantares prefabricados

Resumen

Objetivo: El objetivo principal de este trabajo es analizar la evidencia científica en relación a la efectividad de los soportes plantares para tratar el dolor femoropatelar.
Material y métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en cuatro bases de datos (Pubmed, Cochrane, Science Direct y Dialnet). Los términos empleados en la búsqueda fueron: patelofemoral pain syndrome, treatment, orthoses y orthotics. Se tuvieron en cuenta los artículos de los últimos 15 años que hablaran de soportes plantares a medida y prefabricados, que no combinaran las plantillas con otra terapia y que no fueran revisiones sistemáticas.
Resultados: Se revisó un total de 10 artículos al completo. Tanto las ortesis a medida como las prefabricadas obtuvieron buenos resultados, aunque a largo plazo fueron mejores las plantillas a medida.
Conclusión: Los soportes plantares son una buena alternativa al tratamiento del síndrome de dolor patelofemoral.

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Publicados
2019-01-06
Cómo citar
Remón-Gallo, Álvaro, Gómez-Bernal, A., Pérez-Morcillo, A., & Alfaro-Santafé, J. (2019). Efectividad de los soportes plantares cómo tratamiento en el síndrome femoropatelar: revisión sistemática. European Journal of Podiatry / Revista Europea De Podología, 5(1), 14-22. https://doi.org/10.17979/ejpod.2019.5.1.4661
Sección
Comunicación Especial