Contenido principal del artículo

  • Pedro Javier Martín Llantino
  • Patricia Vázquez Rigueira
  • David Rodríguez Sanz
  • Carlos Romero Morales
  • César Calvo Lobo
Pedro Javier Martín Llantino
España
Patricia Vázquez Rigueira
España
David Rodríguez Sanz
España
Carlos Romero Morales
España
César Calvo Lobo
España
Vol. 4 Núm. 1 (2018), Comunicación Especial, páginas 10-16
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17979/ejpod.2018.4.1.3173
Enviado: nov 8, 2017 Aceptado: dic 13, 2017 Publicado: feb 9, 2018
Derechos de autoría Cómo citar

Resumen

Objetivos: El objetivo principal de esta revisión bibliográfica es conocer la aplicación más eficaz según la ciencia de ejercicio excéntrico (EE) a la hora de manejar la TA. Los objetivos secundarios son conocer las diferencias entre sexos al recibir el tratamiento de ejercicio excéntrico en la TA y conocer el mecanismo de acción del EE en la TA. 

Material y Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en la base de datos PubMed. Se usaron los siguientes términos: “Tendinopathy”, “Tendinopathy treatment”, “Tendinopathy eccentric” “Tendinopathy eccentric exercise”, “Achilles tendinopathy”, “Achilles tendinopathy treatment”, “Achilles tendinopathy rehabilitation”, “Achilles tendinopathy physical therapy”, “Achilles tendinopathy exersice”, “Achilles tendinopathy eccentric”. Se seleccionaron artículos que aportaban calidad metodológica, relevancia científica, o una visión novedosa.

Resultados: Se encontraron artículos que apoyan la aplicación de EE como tratamiento de la TA y la dosificación recomendada. Se encontraron varios artículos que teorizan sobre los efectos del EE en la TA.  Se encontró un artículo que diferencia los efectos del EE en hombres y en mujeres en la TA.

Conclusiones: El EE sería el tratamiento de elección en una TA. El protocolo de Alfedson cuenta con la mayoría de los apoyos científicos. En el futuro será necesario realizar estudios de mayor calidad metodológica sobre diferentes opciones de ejercicio. No quedan claros cuáles son los mecanismos de acción del EE en la TA. Queda demostrado que los efectos del EE en las mujeres son limitados en comparación con los hombres. 

Detalles del artículo

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