La mnemotecnia de la palabra clave aplicada a vocabulario gallego de baja frecuencia en estudiantes bilingües || The keyword mnemonics applied to low-frequency Galician vocabulary in bilingual students

Alfredo Campos, Jessica Díaz

Resumen


La mnemotecnia de la palabra clave es una regla mnemotécnica que se utiliza, fundamentalmente, en el aprendizaje de lenguas extranjeras. En este estudio se intentaba averiguar si la mnemotecnia de la palabra clave influía en el aprendizaje del significado de las palabras de la lengua gallega de baja frecuencia, y si la habilidad de imagen de los participantes influía en el aprendizaje. Para ello, se seleccionó un grupo de 111 estudiantes de Educación Secundaria que aprendieron una lista de 20 palabras del idioma gallego, de baja frecuencia, mediante el método de repetición o mediante el método de la palabra clave. Se encontró que la mnemotecnia de la palabra clave era más efectiva que el método de repetición en el aprendizaje y que los participantes con alta viveza de imagen recordaban un mayor número de traducciones de las palabras de la lengua gallega que los que tenían baja viveza de imagen. Son necesarias nuevas investigaciones sobre la mnemotecnia de la palabra clave aplicada a las lenguas minoritarias como la lengua gallega.


Palabras clave


mnemotecnia; recuerdo; imagen; bilingüismo

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17979/reipe.2018.5.1.3432

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Esta revista es continuación de: Revista Galego-Portuguesa de Psicoloxía e Educación (años 1997-2013) - ISSN: 1138-1663.