Inteligência e rendimento escolar: Implicações para a sala de aula || Intelligence and school performance in childhood: Implications for the classroom

Ana Filipa Alves

Resumen


A inteligência é um dos conceitos mais estudados e simultaneamente mais controversos na área da investigação em psicologia, mantendo uma importância destacada no âmbito escolar pela associação aos processos básicos da cognição e da aprendizagem, e, por esta via, ao sucesso escolar dos alunos. Baseado numa pesquisa e reflexão atual sobre o estado da arte do tema, este artigo tem como objetivo contribuir para a discussão em torno de três eixos temáticos: (i) conceito e estrutura da inteligência; (ii) sua relação com variáveis sociofamiliares, assumindo neste caso a inteligência como dimensão psicológica moldada pelas variáveis contextuais do desenvolvimento psicossocial dos indivíduos; e (iii) seu impacto na aprendizagem e no rendimento académico de crianças e adolescentes. Defendendo-se que a inteligência é variável imprescindível à aprendizagem, mesmo que não suficiente, este artigo termina, numa lógica otimista, apontando algumas formas de rentabilização e promoção das habilidades cognitivas dos alunos por parte do sistema educativo.


Palabras clave


inteligência, aprendizagem, background sociofamiliar, sucesso académico

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17979/reipe.2015.2.2.1329

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