Patrones de desplazamiento al centro educativo en adolescentes de Huesca

  • Laura Simón Montañés Universidad de Zaragoza
  • Alberto Aibar Solana
  • Ángel Abós Catalán
  • Luis García González
  • Javier Sevil Serrano
Palabras clave: desplazamiento activo, bicicleta, andar, género, grado académico

Resumen

El objetivo del estudio fue describir el tipo de desplazamiento utilizado por los adolescentes de Huesca para ir y volver del centro educativo, así como analizar su asociación con el género y el curso académico. Participaron 1.709 adolescentes (Medad=14.20; DT=1.56; 51.7% chicas) de 1º de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria (ESO) a 1º de Bachillerato. Los estudiantes cumplimentaron un cuestionario sobre el modo habitual de desplazamiento en la ida y vuelta al instituto. Los resultados señalaron que un 76.4% de los adolescentes se desplazaba activamente (i.e., andando o en bicicleta) tanto en la ida como en la vuelta. De los adolescentes que se desplazaban activamente, un 78.5% en la ida y un 81.7% en la vuelta lo hacía caminando. En relación con el género, se encontró una asociación positiva entre ir andando al centro educativo y ser chica, así como entre ir en bicicleta y ser chico. En relación con el curso académico, desplazarse andando al centro educativo se asoció positivamente con 4º de ESO y negativamente con 1º de Bachillerato. Asimismo, desplazarse en bicicleta se asoció positivamente con 1º de Bachillerato y negativamente con 3º de ESO. Aunque la mayoría de los adolescentes se desplaza activamente al instituto, parece necesario promover programas escolares que incentiven el desplazamiento activo de los jóvenes dada las características favorables de movilidad de la ciudad de Huesca. De igual modo, parece necesaria la promoción de la bicicleta como modo de desplazamiento al instituto, especialmente en las chicas y en los estudiantes de ESO.

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Publicados
2020-04-17
Cómo citar
Montañés, L., Solana, A., Catalán, Ángel, González, L., & Serrano, J. (2020). Patrones de desplazamiento al centro educativo en adolescentes de Huesca. Sportis. Scientific Journal of School Sport, Physical Education and Psychomotricity, 6(2), 286-307. https://doi.org/10.17979/sportis.2020.6.2.5975
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Artículos Originales