Prevención y tratamiento de lesiones lumbares con herramientas físico-médicas. Una revisión sistemática

  • Gabriel González Valero Universidad de Granada.
  • José Luis Ubago Jiménez Universidad de Granada
  • Manuel Castro Sánchez Universidad de granada
  • Inmaculada García Martínez Universidad de Granada
  • María Sánchez Zafra Universidad de Granada
Palabras clave: hernia discal, lumbalgia, prevención, tratamiento, revisión sistemática

Resumen

Los dolores a nivel lumbar son uno de los problemas que más afecta a la población de forma esporádica o permanente a lo largo de la vida, cuyas causas principales están relacionadas con posturas corporales incorrectas, ejercicios de impacto y rotación superior, lo cual ocasiona un deterioro del disco intervertebral. Este estudio de revisión sistemática tiene como objetivo conocer las diversas prevenciones y tratamientos para mejorar las hernias lumbosacras. Se ha utilizado como principal base de datos la Web of Science (WOS), en la que se han empleado como descriptores claves “Herniated Disc”, “Disc herniation” y “Treatment” para el área de investigación “Sport Sciences”.  Tras la aplicación de los criterios de inclusión  y codificación, el cuerpo base de esta investigación se redujo a 15 estudios. Los datos revelan que la preocupación por la temática ha ido evolucionando en sus tratamientos, pasando de la cirugía a utilizar ejercicios terapéuticos, dado los beneficios y ventajas que reportan. 

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Publicados
2019-04-23
Cómo citar
González Valero, G., Ubago Jiménez, J., Castro Sánchez, M., García Martínez, I., & Sánchez Zafra, M. (2019). Prevención y tratamiento de lesiones lumbares con herramientas físico-médicas. Una revisión sistemática. Sportis. Scientific Journal of School Sport, Physical Education and Psychomotricity, 5(2), 232-249. https://doi.org/10.17979/sportis.2019.5.2.3409
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