Efecto de las actitudes hacia la Educación Física sobre los motivos de práctica deportiva fuera del horario escolar

Melchor Gutiérrez

Resumen


La literatura especializada destaca la relación entre la participación de los adolescentes en actividades físicas y diversos beneficios físicos y psicosociales. Sin embargo, la actividad física de los adolescentes está por debajo de lo necesario para disfrutar de una buena salud física y psicológica. Existe consenso en que la Educación Física puede ayudar a los adolescentes a implicarse en actividades físicas y promover estilos de vida saludables. Por ello, el objetivo de este trabajo ha sido analizar la relación entre las actitudes hacia la Educación Física y los motivos para la práctica deportiva fuera del horario escolar. Han participado 428 alumnos de Educación Secundaria y 1º de Bachillerato (233 chicos y 195 chicas), con edades comprendidas entre 12 y 17 años (M = 14.56, DT = 1.47), que practicaban alguna actividad deportiva. Para la recogida de datos se utilizó una escala de Actitudes hacia la Educación Física y una escala de Motivación Deportiva. Se ha utilizado un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales con factores latentes para predecir los motivos para la práctica deportiva a partir de las actitudes de los alumnos hacia la Educación Física. Los resultados mostraron una relación positiva entre las actitudes hacia la Educación Física y las razones intrínsecas para practicar deporte. Sin embargo, no se encontraron relaciones entre las actitudes hacia la Educación Física y las razones extrínsecas para la práctica físico-deportiva en horario extraescolar. Se discuten los resultados en el marco de propuestas pedagógicas para promover estilos de vida activos y saludables de los adolescentes.

 


Palabras clave


Motivación; Educación Secundaria; Bachillerato; actividad física; adolescentes.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17979/sportis.2017.3.1.1747

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Sportis. Revista Técnico-Científica del Deporte Escolar, Educación Física y Psicomotricidad

Sportis. Scientific Technical Journal of School Sport, Physical Education and Psychomotricity

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