Análisis de la activación isométrica del glúteo medio y la musculatura intrínseca de la planta del pie en la prevención de lesiones en jugadores de baloncesto de élite: Estudio Piloto

  • Jaime Almazán Polo "Universidad Europea de Madrid"
  • Javier Barrio Calvo "Centro de Fisioterapia Amaro y Castillo, Madrid, España"
  • Cesar Calvo Lobo "Universidad de León"
  • Carlos Romero Morales "Universidad Europea de Madrid"
  • David Rodriguez Sanz "Universidad Europea de Madrid"
  • Sergio Vazquez Gonzalez "Universidad Europea de Madrid"
  • Aitor Pérez Chicharro "Universidad Europea de Madrid"
  • Eva Santa Cruz Ramos "Universidad Europea de Madrid"
Palabras clave: Valgo dinámico de rodilla, glúteo medio, musculatura intrínseca del pie, prevención & control, estudio transversal


Introducción: El valgo dinámico de rodilla es uno de los principales factores de riesgo de lesión de deportes de impacto como el Baloncesto. Mejorar los sistemas de análisis de identificación de los factores de riesgo y los protocolos de prevención de lesiones se ha convertido en uno de los objetivos principales del fisioterapeuta deportivo, con el objetivo de disminuir el riesgo de lesión del deportista.Material y Métodos: Se analizó la distribución de las presiones plantares y los ángulos de alineación de los segmentos corporales en el plano frontal durante el Single-Leg-Squat Test en 10 sujetos deportistas de élite, con el objetivo de y observar la modificación a corto plazo  asociada a la activación isométrica del glúteo medio y la musculatura intrínseca de la planta del pie.Resultados: Variaciones significativas en el aumento de la presión plantar del primer metatarsiano se registraron tras la activación del glúteo medio y de la musculatura intrínseca del pie. No se obtuvieron resultados significativos en la modificación de los ángulos de alineación en el plano frontal.Conclusiones: Un aumento de la presión plantar de la cabeza del primer metatarsiano puede relacionarse con una mayor estabilidad del miembro, mediante la activación del glúteo medio y de la musculatura intrínseca del pie. Son necesarios estudios con muestras más amplias que correlacionen los datos obtenidos en una muestra más homogénea.


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