Estrategias de comunicación: desviaciones o salidas

  • Hanane Benali Taouis Universidad Internacional de la Rioja

Resumen

Este estudio empírico investiga la posibilidad de mejorar la confianza en sí mismo y la competencia comunicativa de los estudiantes de inglés como lengua extranjera a través de la enseñanza de las estrategias de comunicación. Se llevó a cabo con 24 estudiantes de la Universidad de Salamanca en un curso de siete semanas de clase en el que se realizó trabajo continuo sobre varios aspectos del discurso oral. Todos asistieron a las clases diseñadas para llevar a cabo la investigación, las cuales constaron de dos fases: Preparación para la investigación (fomento de la confianza y la fluidez o precisión), y Enseñanza de estrategias de comunicación (estrategias basadas en la interlengua, de cooperación, de ganar tiempo, de mantenimiento y estructurales). Para investigar la influencia de la formación en la competencia comunicativa de los alumnos y la confianza en sí mismos se comparó el rendimiento en una conversación posterior al entrenamiento con el de antes de dicho entrenamiento a través de múltiples procedimientos de recolección de datos orales. Los resultados confirman que la enseñanza de estrategias de comunicación mejora la habilidad comunicativa de los alumnos y la confianza en sí mismos al comunicarse en inglés, así como su precisión y la fluidez. El estudio también revela que el grupo más competente se benefició más de la formación que el menos competente.

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Publicado
2018-12-07
Sección
DIDAXIS